Initially Biochemistry and Physiology were established as one department in 1951 when Professor Dean Smith was the head department. The department has emerged as independent department in 1960.

The following is the succession of the heads of the department since its establishment in 1960:

  • · Prof. K.R. Adams
  • · Prof. Saad Ahmed Ibrahim.
  • · Dr. El Fadil Rabie A/ Kareem
  • · Dr. Abd alla Ahmed Dafalla
  • · Prof. Riad A/Latif Bayomi
  • · Prof. Salah Ahmed Mohamed Ahmed
  • · Prof. Mustafa Idris Elbashir
  • · Dr. Ahmed Mohamedain Eltom

. Dr. Khalid Hussein Bakheit (current)

Biochemistry is the science concerned with the study of chemical basis of life. The cell is the structural unit of living systems. Thus another scope of biochemistry is that it is the science concerned with the chemical constituents of living cells and with the reactions and processes they undergo. Today biochemistry encompasses large areas of cell biology, Molecular biology and Molecular genetics.

Biochemistry forms the basis of understanding of the following Medical subjects:

  • · Physiology.
  • · Immunology.
  • · Pharmacology.
  • · Toxicology.
  • · Pathology.
  • · Microbiology and many other medical subjects.

The major objective of teaching biochemistry is the complete understanding at the (molecular level) of all of the chemical processes associated with living cells.

2. The department of biochemistry takes the responsibility of teaching under graduate students of the University as follows:

1. 2nd MBB Course (2years). 2nd and 3rd year medical students.

2. 2nd B.Ds course (one year) second year students.

3. 3rd B.Pharm (one year) 3rd year pharmacy students.

4. Post-graduates students (Msc. and Ph.D).

There are 2 main courses offered to undergraduates

A) Basic biochemistry for:

1. 2nd year medical.

2. 2nd year dental.

3. 3rd year pharmacy.

Basic biochemistry couers:

Introductory course (organic chemistry, water & pH, Biochemical techniques

Cell constituents and metabolism: The cell-an overall view; Chemistry of carbohydrates and lipids Membranes; Protein chemistry; Enzymes; Coenzymes and vitamins

Nucleic Acid, genes, chromatin, chromosomes; digestion and absorption of food snuffs ; Carbohydrate metabolism; Lipid metabolism Amino Acid catabolism; Nucleic acids and protein biosynthesis; Blood.

B) Human Biochemistry

This is a more specialized and more advanced course. It is offered to medical students only but not dental or pharmacy students.

The course includes:

1. Organ and whole body metabolism with its nutritional aspects ( hormones, signal transduction

2. Special tissues Biochemistry (membranes, immunochemistry, RBC metabolism, muscle, neurochemistry)

3. Biochemical basis of inheritance and molecular genetics. (human genetics , metabolism, errors of metabolism, molecular genetics, regulation of gene expression, recombinant DNA technology.

4. Selected Topics. Twenty selected problems in medical biochemistry. Top

The Department Activities

The department offers the following activities to undergraduates.

  • · Lecturers. Delivered by the staff members ( Professors, associate professor, assistant Professors and lecturers).
  • · Tutorials: These are often small group discussions carried by the staff.
  • · Practical classes: In these classes the students develop their laboratory skills and be able to perform and interpret clinical tests as well as to link the theoretical knowledge to the practical for better comprehensive understanding of subject.
  • · Examinations: frequent assessment in form of examinations is done on the purpose of motivating and preparing students for the final examinations.The continuous assessment represents 25% of the final examination marks.

Final examinations: this consists of:

1. A 3- hour paper which consists of single best answer, short notes, open and structured essays. The paper covers all the syllabus.

2. A practical examination which includes simple biochemical tests and laboratory result interpretations.

3. An oral examination. Top

Postgraduate Activities

The department carries researches in the fields of malaria, immunology, diabetes, breast and oesophageal cancer, microbial biochemistry and metabolic disorders.

Eight students are registered for Msc or PhD by research in addition to other twelve who are registered for M.Sc by course.

The Metabolic Lab.

This is a specialized laboratory in the department to provide a medical service to the community. Investigations done in this laboratory are usually not done by most of other laboratories around and are critical in diagnosing some diseases.

Future perspective

  • · Reaffirm the existing research to recruit more students and funds.
  • · Renovation of the clinical laboratory for better service.
  • · Participation in local and international scientific activities.
  • · Collaboration with more international research bodies for exchange of scientific knowledge.