Category Archives: History

The fifth report of the Kitchener School of Medicine

The British Medical Journal, Feb 13, 1937

The fifth report of ‘the Kitchener School of Medicine, Khartum, covers the period 1933-5, and includes the reports of the assessors for these years, who were respectively Professor A. K. Henry and Dr. H. L. Tidy, Professor H. B. Day and Mr. Hugh Lett, and Sir Walter Langdon-Brown and Mr. C. H. Fagge. It is announced that the previous curriculum of four years followed by a compulsory year of postgraduate training in resident appointments has now been replaced by a course lasting five years.

An outline of the history of Medical Research Institutes in the Sudan

Source: Haseeb MA. A Monograph on Biological Research in The Sudan. Khartoum University Press, Khartoum 1973:3-19.

 Recorded medical research in the Sudan commenced with the foundation of the Wellcome Research Laboratories at the Gordon Memorial, College, Khartoum, in February1903. The objectives of these laboratories were as follows:

Professor Daoud M. Khalid

Professor Daoud Mustafa, a great Sudanese physician and neurologist, died on 3/6/2008 at his home in Khartoum, aged 90.

Professor Daoud Mustafa was active in both teaching and clinical practice until nearly two years before his death, when he started to ail. His death is a real loss to both the Sudanese and the international medical profession.Thousands of doctors trained under him, hundreds of whom became specialists and professors in medical schools in the Sudan, in the Gulf states, in Europe, (U.K. and Ireland in particular), the USA and Canada.

Professor Ahmed M. Elhassan

My home town: Berber

Berber is a town in the Nile state of northern Sudan, 35 km north of Atbara, near the junction of the Atbara River and the Nile.
The town was the starting-point of the old caravan route across the Nubian Desert to the Red Sea at Suakin. Roads also connected it with other parts of Sudan.
The first line of defense against the Ottoman Empire occurred in this city.
Berber Ancient History: With a Canadian Archaeologist excavating  in Dangail near Berber where a temple of Amun was built by order of the queens of old Meroitic Period.

EL Khalwa 1936: This is the story of how I joined the Khalwa

The First Year Elementary School 1937: Here I saw the first white man: A. B. Theobold. I met him later in life under different circumstances.
Berber intermediate School 1940 -1944: Distance learning 1942. I started a correspondence course in Psychology with Dr. Mohammed Fayik Al Gawhary 66 Skakini St. Cairo.
Wadi Siedna class-mates EL Tayeb Salih (famous writer) and Ibrahim EL Salahi ( famous artist)
Kitchener School of Medicine.
Basic science with Dean Morgan, Graduated 1954

Some international activities

Many WHO activities in medical education and research. Important among these is membership of STAC for TDR for several years and membership of EMRO advisory research committee
AMANET founding member
Visiting professorship in several universities
Establishing department of pathology ing Faisal University Dammam SA.
Membership of TWAS

Working in the field

Leishmaniasis and leprosy field work Gedarif State: 1989 to date
Field Research in Gadarif State Under Trees Shades 20 Years.
A tribute to Prof EL Hadi Anterior Uveitis
Work in Mycetoma: A tribute to the pioneers: Mr. Ibrahim EL Maghraby, Prof. E S Mahgoub, Prof. Samia A Gumaa, Prof. Fahal.

Field work in Mycetoma

Started by Prof ES Mahgoub and Samia Gumaa and continued by A. H. Fahal who developed the Mycetoma Research Centre at Soba working on mycetoma: from the field to the molecular and genetic levels.
The centre has been recognised internationally.
In year 2010 Fahal has been asked to contribute a chapter on Mycetoma in Bailey & Love text book of Surgery. This is great recognition.
Ahfad University

My relation with Ahfad goes back to the 1970s.
With late Dr. Yousif Bedri we worked together in the Philosophical Society and the Sudanese Society for the Advancement of Science.

Ahmed_Mohamed_El-Hassan_his_life_and_work (written by: Professor Ahmad Safi)


Professor Taha Ahmed Baasher

Professor Taha Ahmed Baasher Formerly Regional Advisor on Mental Health,World Health Organization Eastern Mediterranean Region Taha was born on 2 June 1922 in Sawakin, the historical Red Sea port in Sudan. He graduated from Kitchener School of Medicine, Khartoum, in 1949 with Distinction and a prize in anatomy. He worked as a general practitioner in various parts of Sudan. He was then granted a scholarship to study psychiatry at the Maudsley. In 1972 he was elected Fellow of the Royal College of Psychiatrists. At the age of 35, Taha became Director of Mental Health, Ministry of Health, Sudan (1957-1972), succeeding the late Professor El-Tigani El-Mahi, the father of psychiatry in Black Africa. In 1960, Taha established a walk-in psychiatric outpatient clinic in Khartoum North. Between 1960 and 1968 he extended mental health services in Sudan, establishing four regional units. Against strong resistance by some senior clinicians from other disciplines, he managed, in 1965, to establish a psychiatric unit within Khartoum General (Teaching) Hospital, which became one of the World Health Organization’s (WHO) collaborative research centres. In 1969, Taha became Minister of Health. He established El-Tigani El-Mahi Psychiatric Hospital in Omdurman, Khartoum province. Under his leadership Khartoum hosted the World Psychiatric Association Symposium 1966, and the Pan African Psychiatric Conference 1970. The WHO acknowledged his pioneering work that led to the notable achievement of winning cooperation of Islamic faith healers in Sudan, making it possible for people with mental illness to access the modern psychiatric services. As regional advisor on mental health (1972-82) he helped the 21 countries in WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region to develop their national mental health programmes. In 1985, he was invited by the University of Khartoum to take the chair in psychiatry, the post he held until 2007. In 1992, he chaired the council that established the Red Sea University in Eastern Sudan. Taha’s contributions were varied and vast. He was Vice President of the World Federation for Mental Health, member of the Executive Committee of the History of Psychiatry and the World Psychiatric Association, President of the Sudan Psychiatric Association and Secretary General of the Sudan Medical Association (now Sudanese Doctors’ Union). He was a member of the editorial board of the Drug and Alcohol Dependence journal, founding member of the Arab Board of Psychiatry, founding member of the Board of the Saudi Arabian DPM (1975) and winner of Arab Ministers’ of Health Prize for Outstanding Achievements (1985). In 1964, in his capacity as Secretary General for the Sudanese Doctors’ Union, he played a pivotal role in the October Revolution that toppled the military dictatorship. The popular forces elected him Secretary for the Trade Union Front that led the transition to full democracy. Taha passed away on 15 June 2008, during treatment in Geneva, and was buried in Khartoum. He is survived by his wife, Saydah, a practising consultant paediatrician, a son, Dr Rashid, and two daughters, Rawya and Ruaa. May God bless his soul.

Ahmed Sirag

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